A shrub or forest understorey tree to 6 m high, from N and S Nigeria and W Cameroons; also widespread in central, eastern and southern tropical Africa. Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against a range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial. Media in category “Alchornea laxiflora”. This category contains only the following file. Alchornea laxiflora, gepersde blare,
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The minimum inhibitory concentrations MICs and the minimum bactericidal concentrations MBCs exhibited by the extract against test bacteria ranged between 0. Samples were taken from plates with no visible growth in the Laxiflra assay and subcultured onto freshly prepared nutrient agar plates for bacteria and malt extract medium for fungi.
These were later examined for the presence or absence of growth. Also, medicinal plants have been proved to be effective in the treatment of infectious diseases with little or no side paxiflora as experienced with synthetic drugs [ 2 ]. To receive news and publication updates for Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, enter your email alchornes in the box below.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Alternaria species laxif,ora a plant pathogen capable of causing hay fever in humans leading to asthma [ 16 ]; thus, the extract may be a prototype for future drugs in the management of respiratory tract complications such as asthma.
Abstract Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against wlchornea range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial activities. Materials and Methods 2. Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against a range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial activities.
The ash of the stem pith is applied to a stiff neck. Our investigations on A. Other authors, Oloyede et al. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract of A.
Lowveld Beadstring (Alchornea laxiflora) ·
These compounds play important roles in bioactivity of medicinal plants; thus medicinal values of these plants rely on the embedded phytochemicals and as such produce definite physiological actions on human body. Alchornea laxiflora is locally common throughout its wide distribution area, and is probably not threatened by genetic erosion. There are 47 book citations related to Alchornea laxiflora Benth.
There are 2 Wikipedia lxaiflora related to Alchornea laxiflora Benth. The results obtained from this study thus support the use of Alchornea laxiflora in folklore remedies for the treatment of infections caused by microorganisms.
The antioxidant activities of the leaves are interesting as well, and alchornes research is needed allchornea elucidate the effectiveness under different conditions. The World Health Organization considers phytotherapy in its health programmes and continues to encourage the integration of herbal cure with the orthodox medicine. As far as we know, up to this point, Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract is a potent source of antibacterial and antifungal compound and compared favourably with the positive controls streptomycin-antibacterial and Nystatin-antifungal used in this study.
Alchornea laxiflora has interesting antibacterial and pain-suppressing activities, which merit further research. The extract was able to laxiflorx the growth of these pathogenic dermatophytes which is an indication that extract from this plant is a good source of antifungal compound that can be employed in pharmaceutical industries for the formulation of potent antifungal drugs. The dry surface of the media was later streaked with standardized hour-old bacteria culture while 0. Table of Contents Alerts.
The sensitivity patterns, minimum laxifpora concentrations MICsand minimum fungicidal alchonrea MFCs exhibited by Alchornea laxiflora crude leaf extract against tested fungal isolates. The bacterial isolates were subcultured into nutrient broth before use while the fungal isolates were cultured in malt extract agar medium and left for seven days for proper sporulation before spores harvesting.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 74 3: The plates were left on the laboratory bench for 24 hours to observe their sterility.
The leaf sap and root decoction are drunk to treat pain in neck and shoulders. View at Google Scholar H. The final concentrations regimes of 0. In Tanzania the ground leaves are taken in water to treat hernia.
Alchornea laxiflora (Benth.) Pax & — The Plant List
Alchornea laxiflora Isotype of Alchornea floribunda The extract inhibited the growth of all the bacterial and 15 fungal isolates tested. Citation in web searches. Efforts are still ongoing to search for new biologically active compounds from natural sources as new antimicrobial agent with a view to discovering new chemical structures which could overcome the multiple resistances developed by the pathogenic microbes toward available antimicrobial agents.
In Nigeria the leaves alfhornea used as packing and preservation material for kola nuts. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, saponins and phenolic compounds in the roots, and in lower amounts, in the leaves. Euphorbiaceae, subfamilies Phyllantoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae and Euphorbioideae, tribe Hippomaneae.
The sensitivity patterns, minimum inhibitory concentrations MICsand minimum bactericidal concentrations MBCs exhibited by Alchornea laxiflora crude leaf extract against tested bacterial isolates. Scopulariopsis brevicaulis a pathogen known to be resistant to broad spectrum antifungal agents [ 18 ] was also susceptible to the alhornea of this plant extract.
Showing 0 of 0 comments. Volume 9, part 4. The leaf extract has been reported to contain alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, carbohydrates, cardioactive glycosides steroids, achornea, and reducing sugars as phytochemicals resident in the plant.
The results alvhornea from their investigation indicate the presence of potent natural antioxidant which may be relevant in preservation of lipid food products. The antimicrobial activities of A. The susceptibilities of these pathogens to the leaf extract of A. Determination of Antibiograms of A. This is one of the reasons why Yoruba tribe of Southwestern Nigeria referred to A. The fungal isolates used were Aspergillus nigerAspergillus fumigatusAspergillus glaucusAspergillus flavusFusarium species, Penicillium expansumAlternaria species, Trichophyton interdigitaleTrichophyton mentagrophytesTrichophyton rubrumPenicillium camembertiTrichoderma species, Scopulariopsis brevicaulisPenicillium italicumCandida albicansand Candida pseudotropicalis.
The antibiograms of the extract along with those of the antifungal and antibiotic were determined using agar-well diffusion methods by [ 1213 ] with little modification.