Solarne ćelije koje smo videli na prethodnim fotografijama se takodje zovu fotonaponske ćelije (ali, nisu sve fotonaponske ćelije i solarne. Transcript of FOTONAPONSKE ĆELIJE. FOTONAPONSKE ĆELIJE Solarna energija. Katarina Martinović i Iva Radman, 2. rt. Full transcript. Ključne reči: nanomaterijali; solarne ćelije; fotonaponske ćelije; elektrohemijsko taloženje; iskorišćenje pri konverziji. Nanotechnology applications in solar cells.

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Production of these cells is economically efficient as compared to monocrystalline. Valentni elektroni vezani su uz atomdok se slobodni elektroni mogu slobodno gibati. Photovoltaic solar cells in Croatia are among the preferred sources of electricity. Devices that are taking place photovoltaic energy conversion are called solar fotonaponsie. In this way solar cells produce power around 0.

Since these new materials are very expensive, the sunshine, the optical system of mirrors or lenses concentrate on small areas of expensive photovoltaic cells.

Cavity occurs whenever the valence electrons occurs free electron, cepije this process is called a generation, while the reverse process, when a free electron fills empty spaces – a cavity, called recombination. For semiconductors it should be noted that the free electrons in them, there are holes as charge carriers, which are a kind of byproduct of the emergence of free electrons. The future of photovoltaic systems will depend to a large extent on the fotohaponske integration of the panels in building construction.

Solarna fotonaponska energija

When using only one material for the production of PV solar cells much of the energy spectrum of photons remains unused. If you put a thin film of silicon on glass or other substrate to be called amorphous or thin layer of cells. For example, a silicon PV cell has a maximum spectral sensitivity for a wavelength of nm, ie the best absorbs light and wavelength.


Other parameters [edit] Other parameters that have not yet mentioned, with an energy standpoint, it is time paying for energy. Due to the high price is used in space applications and systems with concentrated radiation which saves on the cells.


For some materials there are different limits of the fotonwponske of photons that can cause the photoelectric effect. So far, the usefulness of PV celiej cells to about forty percent. In fact, one of the most common application of PV solar cells is the power supply devices, industrial facilities, homes where there is no electricity in locations that are remote from the power system or a photovoltaic system is cheaper to build than to build installations for the supply of electric power systems.

To create such large capacity would require a lot of material. Cadmium tellurium Fotonaopnske cells: The most important variable that should be borne cleije mind when planning the installation of photovoltaic solar power output, which will mainly depend on four factors: Liquid silicon is poured into blocks which are then cut into slabs. Because PV solar cells have a positive impact on the environment, and its use reduces greenhouse gas emissions.

Belovo in the laboratory. Mc-Si technology in the total production of solar cells in Therefore, to explore the solar PV cells made of multiple PN junctions, or more of semiconductor materials.

They will even work on diffuse light when cloudy days, but with less power. This version is economically justified if cekije PV cells is more expensive than the optical system to concentrate. Types of PV cells are fotonapobske crystal: When the sun is very high in the sky summerits rays travel through the atmosphere faster at shorter distances, than when the low in the sky winter. Unfortunately, although the long-awaited, solar cell technology in a thin film with amorphous silicon, CIS, CdTe, and others, due to cost, low efficiency, stability, or environmental acceptability of the module have not yet demonstrated its ability to market and will need significant investment to become competitive crystalline silicon.


Thin-film technology enables significant savings in materials, more flexible installation of PV cells, since they can be bent. Electric field impoverished areas, but it serves to separate and direct the movement of free charge in the PN junction, it creates an additional energy barrier to the free charge carriers.

The maximum intensity of the sun is 1. Valence electrons are associated with the atom, while the free electrons can move freely. Silicon as base material absolutely dominates with a share of From this standpoint, the energy barrier should be as small as possible, but when it would not be, there would be no electric field, or what functions they perform.

The impact on the environment [edit] The work PV solar cells virtually no burden on the environment.

Solarna fotonaponska energija – Wikipedia

The first PV cells were developed for space programs. Photovoltaic solar cells made of thin technology filmaRazvoj PV technology in recent years, driven by strong market development, has been extensively amended. Projects concentrated radiation are still fotonpaonske investigation.