crashworthiness tests and proposes actions to improve crash safety features for future rotorcraft designs. by. Roy G. Fox. Bell Helicopter Textron. Crashworthiness is the ability of a structure to protect its occupants during an impact. This is The primary reason is that ejection or exiting a helicopter is impractical given the rotor system and typical altitude at which Army helicopters fly. In aeronautics, first structural design requirements for better crash protection were established for military helicopters and light fixed-wing aircraft. Also, for all.

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Crashworthiness is assessed retrospectively by analyzing injury risk in real-world crashes, often using regression or other statistical techniques to control for the myriad of confounders that are present in crashes. Webarchive template wayback links Pages using web citations with no URL Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles to be expanded from August All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes. As the US Army ‘s doctrine changed, helicopters became the primary mode of transportation in Vietnam.

You can help by adding to it. Injury probability is defined using criteriawhich are mechanical parameters e.


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The intent of this guide is to assist engineers in understanding the design considerations important to crash-resistant military aircraft. This article needs additional citations for verification.

This led to the consideration of additional protective devices such as airbags.

Work began to develop energy absorbing seats to reduce the chance of spinal injuries [1] during training and combat in Vietnam. A common injury criterion is the Head impact criterion HIC.


November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Crashworthiness is the ability of a structure to protect its occupants during an impact.

Heavy research was conducted into human tolerance, energy attenuation and structural designs that would protect the occupants of military helicopters.

In the s and s, the Pakistan Army began serious accident analysis into crashworthiness as a result of fixed-wing and rotary-wing accidents. Retrieved from ” https: The history of human tolerance to deceleration helicopyer likely trace its beginning in the studies by John Stapp to investigate the limits of human tolerance in the s and s. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Primary crash injuries were reduced, but secondary injuries within the cockpit continued to occur. Airbags were considered a cdashworthiness solution to reducing the incidents of head strikes in the cockpit, and were incorporated in Army helicopters.


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They have each developed their own authoritative safety requirements and conducted extensive research and development in the field. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This page was last edited on 5 Septemberat Transport safety Aviation accidents and incidents. Pilots were receiving spinal injuries in otherwise survivable crashes due to decelerative forces on the spine and fires.

Crashworthiness – Wikipedia

Crashworthiness may be assessed either prospectively, using computer models e. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Several criteria are used to assess crashworthiness prospectively, including the drashworthiness patterns of the vehicle structure, the acceleration experienced by the vehicle during drashworthiness impact, and the probability of injury predicted by human body models.

Depending on the nature of the impact and the vehicle involved, different criteria are used to determine the crashworthiness of the structure. This is commonly tested when investigating the safety of aircraft and vehicles. Views Read Edit View history.